The aim of the Society is "to promote interaction between philosophers and psychologists on issues of common concern".

Psychologists, neuroscientists, linguists, computer scientists and biologists are encouraged to report experimental, theoretical and clinical work that they judge to have philosophical significance; and philosophers are encouraged to engage with the fundamental issues addressed by and arising out of such work.

In recent years ESPP sessions have covered such topics as spatial concepts, simulation theory, attention, problems of consciousness, emotion, perception, early numerical cognition, infants' understanding of intentionality, memory and time, motor imagery, counterfactuals, the semantics/pragmatics distinction, reasoning, vagueness, mental causation, action and agency, thought without language, externalism, connectionism, and the interpretation of neuropsychological results.